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Leul slab umfl? pre?ul manc?rii

Leul slab umfl? pre?ul manc?rii

Acciza la combustibili, ?ig?ri, cafea ?i b?uturi alcoolice va fi cu 11,2% mai mare din cauza diferen?ei de curs. Pre?ul mai mare la combustibili va scumpi, mai ales, painea, zah?rul ?i laptele; romanii ar putea s? dea cu o treime mai mult pentru o franzel?.

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Romania va trebui s? fac? fa?? anul viitor

unui val generalizat de scumpiri. Motivul? Calcularea accizelor aplicate

combustibililor, energiei electrice, ?ig?rilor, cafelei sau b?uturilor

alcoolice la un curs al leului mai prost decat anul trecut. Astfel, accizele

exprimate in euro vor lua in considerare un curs de 3,7364 lei/euro, fa?? de

3,3565 lei/euro la cat au fost calculate anul acesta.

 

De?i diferen?a dintre cele dou? cursuri

este de 11,2%, scumpirea va fi mai mare de 13%, pentru c? TVA-ul se va ad?uga

pre?ului accizat. Combustibilii mai scumpi vor duce la cre?terea “in cascad?” a

produselor, de la nivel de produc?tor pan? pe rafturile magazinelor, din

pricina ponderii importante a acestei materii prime atat in procesul de

fabrica?ie, cat ?i in transport. De exemplu, dac? in cazul c?rnii de porc

combustibilii reprezint? doar 2%-3% din costul de produc?ie, in cazul laptelui

este de 10% iar la paine ?i la zah?r acesta urc? pan? la 15%-20%, conform

datelor furnizate de Federa?ia Patronal? Roman? din Industria Alimentar?,

Romalimenta.

 

La cre?terea pre?ului combustibililor se va

ad?uga ins? ?i curentul electric mai scump, acciza pentru consumatorii casnici

urmand s? creasc? de la 0,68 euro pe Mw/h la 0,84 euro pe Mw/h, la care se va

ad?uga evident ?i cursul cu 11% mai slab decat in 2008. Printre produsele

accizate in euro se num?r? ?i cele de lux, cum ar fi bl?nurile, iahturile,

armele, bijuteriile ?i diamantele.

 

Major?ri in perioada urm?toare

 

Aceste scumpiri vor avea loc anul viitor,

cand firmele vor pl?ti accizele la noul curs. Romania este ins? ?i acum in fa?a

unei scumpiri generale, de la mancare la produsele electronice, din cauza

c?derii leului in fa?a monedei europene. La sfar?itul s?pt?manii trecute BNR a

anun?at un curs oficial de 3,8720 lei/euro, fiind cea mai proast? cota?ie a

leului din ultimii trei ani ?i zece luni.

 

“Ca s? fim cat mai clari, orice c?dere a

leului se simte imediat in buzunarele cump?r?torilor. Fiecare cent pierdut de

leu in fa?a euro inseamn? un cent in plus la pre?. Acest lucru se datoreaz?

faptului c? atunci cand vine vorba despre mancare noi ne baz?m mai ales pe

importuri, care sunt pl?tite in euro. Problema nu este c? leul este acum

aproape de 4 lei pe euro; ci c? dac? ajunge la 4,2, de exemplu, probabil c?

pre?urile vor fi calculate la 4,5 lei/euro, pentru c? produc?torii ?i

importatorii nu ?tiu la ce s? se a?tepte”, a declarat pentru Gandul Sorin

Minea, pre?edintele Romalimenta.

 

Re-prezentan?ii produc?torilor de produse

de panifica?ie au anun?at deja c? un curs atat de slab, de pan? la patru lei pe

euro, la care se adaug? scumpirea transportului ?i a utilit??ilor, ar putea

scumpi painea cu pan? la 30%. C?derea recent? a leului nu va cre?te pre?urile

peste noapte, ins? acel moment nu este nici el departe.

 

Minea estimeaz? c? sfar?itul lui octombrie

va aduce scumpiri pe linie la produsele alimentare. “In mod normal se face tot

posibilul pentru a acoperi aceste varia?ii de curs, ins? dac? este un curs slab

cand se fac stocurile nu avem ce face, se vor scumpi toate produsele”, explic?

el.

 

Exportatorii zambesc, ins? cu jum?tate de

gur?

 

Cei care au de ca?tigat din suferin?a

leului sunt exportatorii, care vor fi pl?ti?i in euro la cursuri mult mai

avantajoase. Nici ei ins? nu se bucur? prea mult.

 

“Zambesc exportatorii ins? e un zambet pe

termen scurt, noi am vrea s? zambim pe termen lung. C?derea leului i-ar putea

determina pe unii exportatori s? se angajeze s? livreze cat mai mult acum. O

revenire a leului ins? aproape c? i-ar scoate din afacere pentru c? vor produce

la un curs mare ?i vor fi pl?ti?i la un curs mai mic”, ne-a declarat Mihai

Ionescu, pre?edintele Asocia?iei Na?ionale a Exportatorilor ?i Importatorilor

din Romania (ANEIR) ?i copre?edinte al Consiliului de Export al Romaniei.

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Sursa: Business24
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