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Topul miliardarilor rusi (II)

Topul miliardarilor rusi (II)

Prezenti in topul celor mai bogati oameni din lume, oligarhii rusi cumuleaza o avere de 950 de miliarde de dolari. La o astfel de suma, fie ca vorbim de opere de arta, yachturi, resedinte de lux sau avioane personale, cuvantul de ordine este "extravaganta".

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Alexei

Mordashov, 42 ani , Severstal

Alexei Mordashov , principalul actionar al

cel mai mari companii de otel din Rusia, Severstal,  a ajuns pe prima pagina a presei

international in 2006 in urma licitatiei nereusite de a fuziona Severstal cu

Arcelor.

Fiul unui cuplu de muncitori laminatori,

Mordashov a studiat economia la Leningrad, pentru ca ulterior sa fie numit

director de finante al unei otelarii. La sfatul directorului general al

otelariei respective, oligarhul a cumparat actiunile companiei, devenind astfel

director general, si transformanad totul intr-un conglomerat, prin

achizitionarea unor producatori de masini, porturi si companii de

transporturi.

In 2004, printr-o supralicitatie a cumparat compania falimentara

Rouge Industries pentru suma de 285 de milioane de dolari. In 2005, Severstal a

procurat 70% din actiunile producatorului Italian de otel Lucchini.

Ultima

achizitie a lui Mordashov o reprezinta ultima televiziune de stat din Rusia,

Ren-TV,care a atras atentia presei internationale cand a anulat emisiunea

prezentatoarei Olga Romanova, dupa  ce

acesta criticase autoritatile rusesti in direct. Fiind un sustinator al

stilului de management occidental, Mordashov militeaza pentru intrarea Rusiei

in Organizatia Mondiala a Comertului.

Mikhail

Fridman, 44 ani, Alfa Group

Mikhail Fridman, acest magnat al petrolului este

unul dintre cei mai tineri oligarhi rusi.In 2008, Forbes i-a atribuit o avere de

20.8 miliarde de dolari, plasandu-l pe locul 20 in topul celor mai bogati

oameni din lume.

Impreuna cu Peter Aven, Fridman a format Alfa Group,un

conglomerat ce detine Alfa Bank, Alfa Capital, Tyumen

Oil, alte cateva firme de constructii si un lant de supermarket-uri. Printre

ambitiile oligarhului se numara crearea unui "Vodafone Eurasian".

Insa pe plan

international este cunoscut probabil pentru investitiile sale in zbuciumatul

parteneriat de productie dintre compania ruseasca TNK si British Petroleum. Competitorii hartuiti l-au acuzat pe Fridman de exercitarea unor presiuni prin mita, manipulare

prin intermediul presei si alte soiuri de abuzuri de putere.

 

Oleg Deripaska, 40 ani, Basic Element

Cu o avere situata la 28 de milioane de

dolari, Oleg Deripaska este cel

mai bogat om din Rusia, aflandu-se pe locul noua in topul Forbes al

miliardarilor lumii. Holdingul lui Deripaska, Basic Element, are afaceri in

domeniul aviatiei, constructiilor, extractiilor miniere, serviciilor

financiare, energiei, transporturilor si dezvoltarii infrastructurii.

Deripaska

este unul dintre magnatii rusi care au facut avere la scurt timp dupa

prabusirea URSS, prin privatizari si preluari atat de controversate, incat in

2006 Statele Unite i-au revocat viza, din cauza presupuselor sale legaturi cu

crima organizata.

Desi nu a reaplicat pentru viza, Deripaska a negat orice

legaturi cu crima organizata si a declarat ca acuzatiile impotriva sa -

majoritatea lansate de fosti parteneri de afaceri - sunt opera unor competitori

fara scrupule din Statele Unite si din Marea Britanie.

Printre extravagantele oligarhului se

numara proprietatile pe care de detine la Londra. Casa pe care si-a cumparat-o

in capitala britanica a fost, pe vremuri, resedinta Ducilor de Bedford.

Magnatul prefera insa sa locuiasca in Rusia.

Totusi, timp de un an, a zburat in

fiecare saptamana la Londra, cu un avion particular, pentru a-si imbunatati

cunostintele de engleza. In septembrie 2006, se zvonea ca vrea sa cumpere

clubul londonez de fotbal Arsenal, dupa exemplul fostului miliardar nr. 1 al

Rusiei, Roman Abramovici, care detine clubul Chelsea. Arsenal a negat, insa,

aceste zvonuri.

Vladimir Potanin, 47 ani, Interros

Cu o avere estimata la 6.4 miliarde de

dolari, Vladimir Potanin se afla pe

locul 89 in topul celor mai bogati oameni ai lumii.

Vladimir Potanin s-a nascut intr-o familie

de demnitari comunisti, a urmat cursurile Institutul de Stat pentru Relatii Internationale

din Moscova, o scoala de elita destinata celor din Ministerul de

Externe.

Ascensiunea sa in clubul miliardarilor este

destul de controversata. Apropiat al presedintelui Boris Eltin, si-a folosit

influenta pentru a-l determina pe acesta sa aprobe privatizari in masa ale

intreprinderilor de stat in favoarea noilor afaceristi rusi.

Asa a ajuns,

personal, in posesia gigantului metalurgic Norilsk Nickel si a companiei

petroliere Sidanco. Pornind de la aceste afaceri, Potanin a creat cel mai mare

imperiu al afacerilor din Rusia, extinzandu-si operatiunile in domenii precum

telecomunicatiile, agricultura sau industria media.

Este cunoscut pentru donatiile sale masive,

in sprijinul sportivilor si studentilor. Totodata, este membru in consiliul de

conducere al Fundatiei Solomon R. Guggenheim si al Muzeului de Stat Hermitage.

Resedinta din Moscova a miliardarului

Vladimir Potanin este primul model dintr-un proiect experimental de case.

Locuinta include un restaurant, o sauna, o sala de gimnastica, o sala de biliard, o cofetarie, o piscina, un coafor, o sera si un parc de ski-jet-uri.

Potanin mai are o casa de vacanta in apropiere de Istrinsky Reservoir, vecina

cu cabana unui alt rus influent: Anatoli Chubais.

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Sursa: Business24
Articol citit de 1808 ori