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Recesiunea scade pre?ul benzinei

Recesiunea scade pre?ul benzinei

Dup? luni de cre?teri neintrerupte, pre?ul benzinei ?i motorinei incepe s? scad? in toat? lumea, de la benzin?riile americane pan? la sta?iile Petrom. Cota?ia unui baril de petrol s-a pr?bu?it la mai pu?in de jum?tate fa?? de recordul celor 147 dolari la care ajunsese in luna iulie, iar - la presiunea consumatorilor ?i a guvernelor - companiile de profil au inceput s? reduc? pre?urile la pomp?.

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Un baril de ?i?ei Brent (extras din Marea

Nordului), cu livrarea pentru luna noiembrie, era cotat, ieri, la numai 67 USD

– cel mai mic pre? din mai 2007. Sc?derea a survenit estim?rilor publicate, in

aceast? s?pt?man?, de Organiza?ia Statelor Produc?toare ?i Exportatoare de

Petrol (OPEC), Agen?iei Interna?ionale pentru Energie ?i Departamentului

Energiei al SUA, potrivit c?rora cererea de ?i?ei va sc?dea in 2009.

 

Cel mai mare consumator mondial (economia

SUA) a intrat in recesiune, iar o sc?dere important? a cererii este a?teptat?

?i in cazul Chinei. De?i Beijingul a anun?at o cre?tere cu 10% a importurilor

de ?i?ei in septembrie 2008, fa?? de septembrie 2007, o economie mondial? in

recesiune va insemna reducerea produc?iei industriale a Chinei. Cererea,

respectiv pre?ul, a sc?zut atat de mult, incat OPEC amenin?? cu reducerea

produc?iei, decizie ce ar putea fi luat? la o reuniune a organiza?iei de luna

viitoare.

 

A?adar, CNNMoney.com apreciaz? c? acestea

sunt semnele clare ale unei recesiuni, c?ci prima surs? de economisire la care

apeleaz? antreprenorii ?i cosumatorii individuali este reducerea consumului de

combustibil. Cre?terea economic? a incetinit peste tot in lume, dar,

deocamdat?, pre?urile la pomp? nu au sc?zut pretutindeni. In SUA, costul

galonului (3,7 litri) a sc?zut cu un dolar fa?? de prim?vara acestui an, in

timp ce, in Marea Britanie, litrul de benzin? a sc?zut sub o lir?, ceea ce nu

s-a mai intamplat din decembrie 2007.

 

Cale lung? pan? la ieftiniri semnificative

 

De fiecare dat? cand m?resc pre?ul la

benzin? ?i electricitate (ob?inut? din arderea p?curii in termocentrale),

companiile energetice din lume justific? m?ririle prin faptul c? au „costuri

legate de pre?ul barilului”. Or, sc?derea de 51% a pre?ului barilului fa?? de

luna iulie nu se cunoa?te inc? in ieftinirea combustibilului.

 

Potrivit Chigaco Tribune, pre?urile la

pomp? in statul Illinois sunt mai ridicate cu 21% fa?? de aceea?i perioad? a

anului trecut, de?i pre?ul barilului este mai ieftin decat acum un an. Circa

500 de plangeri ale consumatorilor au fost depuse la biroul Procurorului

general al acestui stat american, dar acesta nu are competen?a s? cerceteze

companiile pentru „specul?” decat in cazul unui dezastru natural. Totu?i,

anali?tii cita?i de cotidian cred c? gigan?ii energetici profit? mereu de

sc?derea pre?ului barilului, pentru a-?i rotunji profiturile, dar reduc

pre?urile intr-un ritm mult mai lent decat ritmul in care le-au m?rit. In

condi?iile in care perioada de recesiune este de-abia la inceput, pre?ul unui

baril ar putea sc?dea la 50 dolari, ceea ce ar impune reduceri de 60-70% a

pre?urilor la benzin?, dac? pre?ul nu ar fi dictat de cuantumul taxelor.

 

Petrom ?i OMV trec la reduceri de pre?

 

Incepand de azi, Petrom reduce pre?ul de

referin?? la benzin?, cu 11 bani, iar la motorin? – cu nou? bani. Sortimentul

de benzin? ECO Premium 95 va costa 3,65 lei/litru, Premium f?r? plumb – 3,62

lei/litru, iar Top Premium 99 – 3,95 lei/litru, anun?? Mediafax. Benzina OMV

Carrera 95 ?i Carrera 100 vor costa 3,72 lei, respectiv 4,35 lei. Litrul din

motorina OMV Sprint Diesel ?i OMV Premium Diesel va fi comercializat cu 3,97

lei ?i 4,25 lei/litru, iar Top Euro Diesel 4 ?i Euro Diesel 4 vor costa 3,92

lei, respectiv 3,84 lei.

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Sursa: Business24
Articol citit de 1759 ori