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G7 a elaborat un plan de ac?iune pentru a face fa?? crizei

G7 a elaborat un plan de ac?iune pentru a face fa?? crizei

Mini?trii de finan?e ?i guvernatorii b?ncilor centrale din G7, grupul celor mai bogate ?apte ??ri, reuni?i vineri la Washington, au anun?at un plan de ac?iune in cinci puncte, prin care se angajeaz? s? impiedice falimentului oric?rei b?nci importante, incercand astfel s? limiteze efectele crizei.

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"Ne angaj?m s? continu?m s? conlucr?m

pentru a stabiliza pie?ele financiare ?i pentru a restabili fluxul de

creditare, ca s? fie sus?inut? cre?terea economic? mondial?", se spune in

textul dat publicit??ii de Trezoreria american? in numele mini?trilor de

finan?e ?i guvernatorilor b?ncilor centrale din Canada, Fran?a, Germania,

Italia, Marea Britanie, Japonia ?i SUA.

 

"Suntem de acord s? lu?m m?suri decisive

?i s? ne folosim de toate mijloacele pe care le avem la dispozi?ie pentru a

sus?ine institu?iile financiare de o importan?? sistemic? ?i pentru a impiedica

falimentul lor", au promis responsabilii celor ?apte mari puteri

financiare dup? reuniunea de la Washington, care a durat trei ore ?i jum?tate.

 

Al doilea punct al planului se refer? la

angajamentul membrilor G7 de a lua "toate m?surile necesare pentru

deblocarea creditelor ?i a pie?elor monetare astfel incat b?ncile ?i

institu?iile financiare s? aib? acces larg la lichidit??i ?i capitaluri".

 

Membrii G7 vor, de asemenea, s? fac? in a?a

fel incat b?ncile s? poat? dispune de capitaluri "in sume suficiente"

din sectorul public, ca ?i din cel privat, "pentru a restabili increderea

?i a le permite s? continue s? imprumute popula?iei ?i intreprinderilor".

 

Totu?i, remarc? Reuters, G7 nu ?i-a

exprimat sus?inerea pentru planul britanic care propune garantarea

imprumuturilor intre b?nci, o m?sur? pe care mul?i de pe Wall Street o vedeau

ca pe un pas vital pentru a pune cap?t celor 14 luni de tulbur?ri ?i panic? din

ce in ce mai mare de pe pie?ele financiare.

 

Responsabilii financiari din G7 pledeaz?,

de asemenea, in favoarea unor m?suri care ar putea reda increderea deponen?ilor

in securitatea economiilor lor, gra?ie unor garan?ii "robuste ?i

coerente" din partea puterilor publice.

 

Cei ?apte se declar? dispu?i s? fac? tot

ceea ce este necesar pentru a debloca pia?a creditului ipotecar, aflat la

originea crizei financiare actuale.

 

Comunicatul final al G7 deschide

posibilitatea unei eventuale intr?ri a statului american in capitalul b?ncilor,

cum doreau europenii, potrivit AFP. Europenii criticaser? decizia autorit??ilor

americane de a l?sa banca Lehman Brothers s?-?i depun? bilan?ul, la mijlocul

lunii septembrie. Falimentul acestei institu?ii a provocat efectiv o brusc?

agravare a crizei financiare.

 

Textul G7 deschide, de asemenea, calea

pentru un plan european de salvare a b?ncilor. Americanii au deja un asemenea

plan, care prevede acordarea a pan? la 700 de miliarde de dolari din fondurile

publice pentru cump?rarea activelor depreciate ale b?ncilor ?i pentru a le

permite s?-?i redreseze bilan?ul. Europenii vor discuta despre aceast?

chestiune la reuniunea ?efilor de stat ?i de guvern din zona euro ce va avea loc

duminic?, la Paris.

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Sursa: Business24
Articol citit de 1152 ori